Technology can help the medical team be precise. In the robotic version of laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon first cuts into the skin and inserts the camera, as usual. Instead of taking hold of his surgical instruments, he sets up a robot’s mechanical arms. Then he moves to a computer console nearby to control the robot’s movements.
With robotic surgery, the monitor gives the surgeon a 3-D, high-resolution, magnified image of the patient’s body. As he peers at the screen, he uses hand controls to operate the robot and surgical instruments. This not only lets him be more exact, but it can mean less impact on the body and less bleeding. The patient may have less discomfort after the operation.